Science

Superconductivity Centennial

Author: Han Rushan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 556

This book covers the important contributions of the Chinese during the development of high-temperature superconductors (HTS). The study of Y-based HTS, which was the first to be reported internationally at a liquid nitrogen temperature above 90 K, has retained the world record for superconducting transition temperatures. The book covers the study of superconducting energy gap, microscopic electron non-uniformity, ARPES research, 'kinks' research, eHigh-Tᶜ. In order to provide a comprehensive introduction to the physical properties of condensed matter, this book also includes studies on the thermodynamic properties of high-temperature superconductors, low-temperature heat transport, and Raman spectroscopy. In addition, this book includes important topics in theoretical studies, including the study of the magnetic and superconductivity of iron-based materials, the non-diagonal long procedure in condensed quantum phases, and the creation of oxygen sites in the CuO₂ plane. Rotational fluctuations lead to the study of superconducting states. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students in condensed matter physics, materials science, optics and other fields.
Science

100 Years of Superconductivity

Author: Horst Rogalla

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 616

Even a hundred years after its discovery, superconductivity continues to bring us new surprises, from superconducting magnets used in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity presents a comprehensive collection of topics on nearly all the subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historical developments in superconductivity, the book includes contributions from many pioneers who are responsible for important steps forward in the field. The text first discusses interesting stories of the discovery and gradual progress of theory and experimentation. Emphasizing key developments in the early 1950s and 1960s, the book looks at how superconductivity started to permeate society and how most of today’s applications are based on the innovations of those years. It also explores the genuine revolution that occurred with the discovery of high temperature superconductors, leading to emerging applications in power storage and fusion reactors. Superconductivity has become a vast field and this full-color book shows how far it has come in the past 100 years. Along with reviewing significant research and experiments, leading scientists share their insight and experiences working in this exciting and evolving area.
Science

Endless Quests: Theory, Experiments And Applications Of Frontiers Of Superconductivity

Author: Jiangdi Fan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 662

The book is devoted to advancing and developing the frontiers of superconductivity; in particular, the theory of the Diagrammatic Iteration Approach (DIA), described in Chapter 1, is unique in the community of superconductivity.The application of DIA to electron correlation effects has allowed the tough issue of strongly-coupled electron systems to be solved, which is important for high-temperature superconductivity (HTS). DIA, when applied to a layered two-dimensional system, gives rise to marvelous outcomes that can explain all the anomalies in the normal state of HTS, and leads to a transition temperature that is dependent on quantities including the dielectric constant, electron band mass and spacing between layers. This then serves as a quantifiable guide on how to make ideal superconductors. Moreover, in such a scenario, the mechanisms of low- and high-temperature superconductivity can be unified on the basis of repulsive Coulomb interactions between electrons.The book contains rich first-hand information on experiments at the frontiers of superconductivity, as well as on relevant applications of such cutting-edge developments. For instance, Jiasu Wang, co-author of the chapter discussing the HTS Maglev train, is the person who completed the world's first HTS Maglev train. Thus, the draw of this book lies not only in its ability to marry theory, experiment and application, but also in its inclusion of research from prestigious experts of the field.
Science

High Temperature Superconducting Magnetic Levitation

Author: Jia-Su Wang

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 212

The authors begin this book with a systematic overview of superconductivity, superconducting materials, magnetic levitation, and superconducting magnetic levitation - the prerequisites to understand the latter part of the book - that forms a solid foundation for further study in High Temperature Superconducting Magnetic Levitation (HTS Maglev). This book presents our research progress on HTS Maglev at Applied Superconductivity Laboratory (ASCLab) of Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU), China, with an emphasis on the findings that led to the world‘s first manned HTS Maglev test vehicle "Century". The book provides a detailed description on our previous work at ASCLab including the designing of the HTS Maglev test and measurement method as well as the apparatus, building "Century", developing the HTS Maglev numerical simulation system, and making new progress on HTS Maglev. The final parts of this book discuss research and prototyping efforts at ASCLab in several adjacent fi elds including HTS Maglev bearing, Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) and HTS maglev launch technology. We hope this book becomes a valuable source for researchers and engineers working in the fascinating field of HTS Maglev science and engineering. Contents Fundamentals of superconductivity Superconducting materials Magnetic levitation Superconducting magnetic levitation HTS Maglev experimental methods and set-up First manned HTS Maglev vehicle in the world Numerical simulations of HTS Maglev New progress of HTS Maglev vehicle HTS Maglev bearing and flywheel energy storage system HTS Maglev launch technology
Technology & Engineering

Applied Superconductivity

Author: Paul Seidel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1336

View: 503

This wide-ranging presentation of applied superconductivity, from fundamentals and materials right up to the details of many applications, is an essential reference for physicists and engineers in academic research as well as in industry. Readers looking for a comprehensive overview on basic effects related to superconductivity and superconducting materials will expand their knowledge and understanding of both low and high Tc superconductors with respect to their application. Technology, preparation and characterization are covered for bulk, single crystals, thins fi lms as well as electronic devices, wires and tapes. The main benefit of this work lies in its broad coverage of significant applications in magnets, power engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will find information on superconducting magnets for diverse applications like particle physics, fusion research, medicine, and biomagnetism as well as materials processing. SQUIDs and their usage in medicine or geophysics are thoroughly covered, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, aspects on superconductor digital electronics, leading readers to quantum computing and new devices.
Science

Advances In Theoretical And Experimental Research Of High Temperature Cuprate Superconductivity

Author: Rushan Han

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 260

Researchers working at the frontier of high-Tc Superconductors have reviewed the development in this area in the past 20 years. Both experimental and theoretical aspects have been covered. New directions and possible theoretical models were suggested. The contributors of this book are from China Center of Advanced Science and Technology (CCAST); Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); National Lab for Superconductivity, Institute of Physics, CAS; School of Physics, Peking University and Center of Advanced Study Tsinghua University.This volume will be a useful guide to those who are working in the field.

Conductivity and Magnetism

Author: William A Little

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 176

View: 942

Felix Bloch was one of the foremost scientists of the 20th century. His work on the theory of metals in 1929 laid the cornerstone for the development of semiconductors and his work on magnetism was crucial for the development of a basic understanding of ferromagnetism. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, which he discovered in 1946, and for which he shared the Nobel Prize with Edward Purcell in 1952, has become the most important spectroscopic tool in Chemistry. The year 1989 marks the sixtieth year since Bloch's paper on the Theory of Metals. This Symposium celebrated the occasion by gathering a group of distinguished scientists who presented overviews of the past, present and future of several major areas of Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Computer Science, Biology and Medicine, many of which trace their origins to Bloch's influence. Contents:An Introduction to Felix Bloch (R Hofstadter)From Bloch Functions to Quantum Wells (J Harris)Bloch and the New Superconductors (W A Little)Understanding Modern Magnets through Conformal Mapping (K Halbach)Neural Networks (H Gutfreund)NMR in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (A Pines)Magnetic Resonance Imaging (E R Andrew)Felix Bloch Reminiscences (E Hahn) Readership: Physicists, chemists, engineers, computer scientists, and biologists.
Electronic books

Edward Teller Centennial Symposium

Author: Stephen B. Libby

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Electronic books

Page: 176

View: 232

This proceedings volume, for the symposium in honor of Edward Teller's 100th anniversary, focuses on Teller's scientific legacy. This legacy includes some of the most fundamental insights into the quantum behaviors of molecules, nuclei, surfaces, solid state and spin systems and plasmas. Many of these are brand names from the canon of 20th-century physics and chemistry, such as Gamow-Teller transitions, the Jahn-Teller effect, Goldhaber-Teller resonances, the Lyddane-Sachs-Teller relation, the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller equation of state, and the MR2T2 algorithm. All of these have had a profound and continuing impact on science - as has Teller's work on level crossing, diamagnetism, and plasma and statistical physics. The legacies of these discoveries are discussed in this volume, as is Teller's role in applied science and education.
Technology & Engineering

Development of high-temperature superconductor cables for high direct current applications

Author: Preuß, Alan

Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 194

View: 542

A design process for HTS DC cables was developed for high current applications. Based on the design process, a 35 kA HTS DC cable demonstrator was developed. The superconducting elements of the demonstrator were manufactured and tested individually at 77 K. Afterwards, the demonstrator cable was assembled and tested at 77 K. The assembled demonstrator successfully reached 35 kA at 77 K and self field conditions.
Technology & Engineering

Physical Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors

Author: Rainer Wesche

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 866

A much-needed update on complex high-temperaturesuperconductors, focusing on materials aspects; this timely bookcoincides with a recent major break-through of the discovery ofiron-based superconductors. It provides an overview of materials aspects of high-temperaturesuperconductors, combining introductory aspects, description of newphysics, material aspects, and a description of the materialproperties This title is suitable for researchers inmaterials science, physics and engineering. Also for techniciansinterested in the applications of superconductors, e.g. asbiomagnets
Science

Electron-phonon Interaction And Lattice Dynamics In High Tc Superconductors

Author: Han Zhang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 108

Understanding the mechanism of the high-temperature superconductors has been a very important topic in condensed matter physics. Researchers have been trying to explain the role of electron-phonon interaction (EPI) in cuprates. Some important properties of the cuprates could not be explained by conventional BCS theory. This book contains the experimental and theoretical studies on the EPI. The experimental part covers the results of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), isotopic effect, elastic neutron scattering study of electron-phonon, lattice role and so on. The theoretical part covers the electron-phonon, polaron and bipolaron, effect of lattice, fine structure in the tunnelling spectra of electron-doped cuprates, identification of the bulk pairing symmetry in high-temperature superconductors.Students and researchers interested in high-temperature superconductors, especially the EPI in cuprates will find this title very useful.
Technology & Engineering

SQUID Readout Electronics and Magnetometric Systems for Practical Applications

Author: Yi Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 651

The working principles and phenomena the SQUID technology is based on are not so easy to understand by those, who want to use the technology for specific applications. This book builds a bridge for scientists and engineers to fill potential know-how gaps for all working together on SQUID systems and their practical applications. Key words like readout electronics, flux quantization, Josephson effects or noise contributions will be no obstacle for the design and use of simple and robust SQUID systems.
Technology & Engineering

Sustainable Energy, SI Edition

Author: Richard A. Dunlap

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 736

View: 424

Readers explore present and future energy needs as well as options for continued use of fossil fuels and alternative energy sources with Dunlap’s SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, 2nd Edition. Individual chapters thoroughly investigate each energy approach as the book covers both current energy production and future strategies. The author assumes reader familiarity with the basic concepts of freshman-level physics and chemistry. The text emphasizes the complexity of energy issues and the need for a multidisciplinary approach to solving energy problems. Quantitative end-of-chapter problems emphasize analyzing information, correlating data from various sources, and interpreting graphical data and interpolate values. Readers see real problems in producing and using energy as they realize that while exact calculations are important, a broad-based analysis is often most appropriate. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Technology & Engineering

Modular Systems for Energy and Fuel Recovery and Conversion

Author: Yatish T. Shah

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 535

View: 828

Modular Systems for Energy and Fuel Recovery and Conversion surveys the benefits of the modular approach in the front end of the energy industry. The book also outlines strategies for managing modular approaches for fossil, renewable, and nuclear energy resource recovery and conversion with the help of successful industrial examples. The book points out that while the modular approach is most applicable for distributed and small-scale energy systems, it is also often used for parts of large-scale centralized systems. With the help of successful industrial examples of modular approaches for energy and fuel recovery and conversion, the book points out the need for more balance between large-scale centralized systems and small-scale distributed systems to serve the energy needs of rural and isolated communities. Coal, oil, natural gas, hydrogen, biomass, waste, nuclear, geothermal solar, wind, and hydro energy are examined, showing that modular operations are very successfully used in all these components of the energy industry. Aimed at academic researchers and industry professionals, this book provides successful examples and analysis of the modular operation for energy and fuel recovery and conversion. It is also a reference for those who are engaged in the development of modular systems for energy and fuel recovery and conversion.