Mathematics

Normally Hyperbolic Invariant Manifolds in Dynamical Systems

Author: Stephen Wiggins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 194

View: 906

In the past ten years, there has been much progress in understanding the global dynamics of systems with several degrees-of-freedom. An important tool in these studies has been the theory of normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds and foliations of normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds. In recent years these techniques have been used for the development of global perturbation methods, the study of resonance phenomena in coupled oscillators, geometric singular perturbation theory, and the study of bursting phenomena in biological oscillators. "Invariant manifold theorems" have become standard tools for applied mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and virtually anyone working on nonlinear problems from a geometric viewpoint. In this book, the author gives a self-contained development of these ideas as well as proofs of the main theorems along the lines of the seminal works of Fenichel. In general, the Fenichel theory is very valuable for many applications, but it is not easy for people to get into from existing literature. This book provides an excellent avenue to that. Wiggins also describes a variety of settings where these techniques can be used in applications.
Mathematics

Invariant Manifolds and Fibrations for Perturbed Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations

Author: Charles Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 619

In this monograph the authors present detailed and pedagogic proofs of persistence theorems for normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds and their stable and unstable manifolds for classes of perturbations of the NLS equation, as well as for the existence and persistence of fibrations of these invariant manifolds. Their techniques are based on an infinite dimensional generalisation of the graph transform and can be viewed as an infinite dimensional generalisation of Fenichels results. As such, they may be applied to a broad class of infinite dimensional dynamical systems.
Mathematics

The Parameterization Method for Invariant Manifolds

Author: Àlex Haro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 267

View: 739

This monograph presents some theoretical and computational aspects of the parameterization method for invariant manifolds, focusing on the following contexts: invariant manifolds associated with fixed points, invariant tori in quasi-periodically forced systems, invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems and normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds. This book provides algorithms of computation and some practical details of their implementation. The methodology is illustrated with 12 detailed examples, many of them well known in the literature of numerical computation in dynamical systems. A public version of the software used for some of the examples is available online. The book is aimed at mathematicians, scientists and engineers interested in the theory and applications of computational dynamical systems.
Mathematics

Normally Hyperbolic Invariant Manifolds

Author: Jaap Eldering

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 189

View: 427

This monograph treats normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds, with a focus on noncompactness. These objects generalize hyperbolic fixed points and are ubiquitous in dynamical systems. First, normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds and their relation to hyperbolic fixed points and center manifolds, as well as, overviews of history and methods of proofs are presented. Furthermore, issues (such as uniformity and bounded geometry) arising due to noncompactness are discussed in great detail with examples. The main new result shown is a proof of persistence for noncompact normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds in Riemannian manifolds of bounded geometry. This extends well-known results by Fenichel and Hirsch, Pugh and Shub, and is complementary to noncompactness results in Banach spaces by Bates, Lu and Zeng. Along the way, some new results in bounded geometry are obtained and a framework is developed to analyze ODEs in a differential geometric context. Finally, the main result is extended to time and parameter dependent systems and overflowing invariant manifolds.
Mathematics

Approximation of Stochastic Invariant Manifolds

Author: Mickaël D. Chekroun

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 127

View: 829

This first volume is concerned with the analytic derivation of explicit formulas for the leading-order Taylor approximations of (local) stochastic invariant manifolds associated with a broad class of nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations. These approximations take the form of Lyapunov-Perron integrals, which are further characterized in Volume II as pullback limits associated with some partially coupled backward-forward systems. This pullback characterization provides a useful interpretation of the corresponding approximating manifolds and leads to a simple framework that unifies some other approximation approaches in the literature. A self-contained survey is also included on the existence and attraction of one-parameter families of stochastic invariant manifolds, from the point of view of the theory of random dynamical systems.
Science

Invariant Manifolds for Physical and Chemical Kinetics

Author: Alexander N. Gorban

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 675

By bringing together various ideas and methods for extracting the slow manifolds, the authors show that it is possible to establish a more macroscopic description in nonequilibrium systems. The book treats slowness as stability. A unifying geometrical viewpoint of the thermodynamics of slow and fast motion enables the development of reduction techniques, both analytical and numerical. Examples considered in the book range from the Boltzmann kinetic equation and hydrodynamics to the Fokker-Planck equations of polymer dynamics and models of chemical kinetics describing oxidation reactions. Special chapters are devoted to model reduction in classical statistical dynamics, natural selection, and exact solutions for slow hydrodynamic manifolds. The book will be a major reference source for both theoretical and applied model reduction. Intended primarily as a postgraduate-level text in nonequilibrium kinetics and model reduction, it will also be valuable to PhD students and researchers in applied mathematics, physics and various fields of engineering.
Mathematics

Existence and Persistence of Invariant Manifolds for Semiflows in Banach Space

Author: Peter W. Bates

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 129

View: 746

Since the early 1970s, mathematicians have tried to extend the work of N. Fenichel and of M. Hirsch, C. Pugh and M. Shub to give conditions under which invariant manifolds for semiflows persist under perturbation of the semiflow. This work provides natural conditions and establishes the desired theorem. The technique is geometric in nature, and in addition to rigorous proofs, an informal outline of the approach is given with useful illustrations. This book features: important theoretical tools for working with infinite-dimensional dynamical systems, such as PDEs; previously unpublished results; and new ideas regarding invariant manifolds.
Mathematics

Invariant Manifolds and Dispersive Hamiltonian Evolution Equations

Author: Kenji Nakanishi

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 253

View: 350

The notion of an invariant manifold arises naturally in the asymptotic stability analysis of stationary or standing wave solutions of unstable dispersive Hamiltonian evolution equations such as the focusing semilinear Klein-Gordon and Schrodinger equations. This is due to the fact that the linearized operators about such special solutions typically exhibit negative eigenvalues (a single one for the ground state), which lead to exponential instability of the linearized flow and allows for ideas from hyperbolic dynamics to enter. One of the main results proved here for energy subcritical equations is that the center-stable manifold associated with the ground state appears as a hyper-surface which separates a region of finite-time blowup in forward time from one which exhibits global existence and scattering to zero in forward time. The authors' entire analysis takes place in the energy topology, and the conserved energy can exceed the ground state energy only by a small amount. This monograph is based on recent research by the authors. The proofs rely on an interplay between the variational structure of the ground states and the nonlinear hyperbolic dynamics near these states. A key element in the proof is a virial-type argument excluding almost homoclinic orbits originating near the ground states, and returning to them, possibly after a long excursion. These lectures are suitable for graduate students and researchers in partial differential equations and mathematical physics. For the cubic Klein-Gordon equation in three dimensions all details are provided, including the derivation of Strichartz estimates for the free equation and the concentration-compactness argument leading to scattering due to Kenig and Merle.
Mathematics

On the Splitting of Invariant Manifolds in Multidimensional Near-Integrable Hamiltonian Systems

Author: Pierre Lochak

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 145

View: 252

In this text we take up the problem of the splitting of invariant manifolds in multidimensional Hamiltonian systems, stressing the canonical features of the problem. We first conduct a geometric study, which for a large part is not restricted to the perturbative situation of near-integrable systems. This point of view allows us to clarify some previously obscure points, in particular the symmetry and variance properties of the splitting matrix (indeed its very definition(s)) and more generally the connection with symplectic geometry. Using symplectic normal forms, we then derive local exponential upper bounds for the splitting matrix in the perturbative analytic case, under fairly general circumstances covering in particular resonances of any multiplicity.The next technical input is the introduction of a canonically invariant scheme for the computation of the splitting matrix. It is based on the familiar Hamilton-Jacobi picture and thus again is symplectically invariant from the outset. It is applied here to a standard Hamiltonian exhibiting many of the important features of the problem and allows us to explore in a unified way the question of finding lower bounds for the splitting matrix, in particular that of justifying a first order computation (the so-called Poincare-Melnikov approximation). Although we do not specifically address the issue in this paper we mention that the problem of the splitting of the invariant manifold is well-known to be connected with the existence of a global instability in these multidimensional Hamiltonian systems and we hope the present study will ultimately help shed light on this important connection first noted and explored by V. I. Arnold.