This book describes two designs of moth trap in sufficient detail for almost anyone to build using hobbyist skills using easily sourced materials and components. The design of the portable moth trap in this book is the result of several years experimentation with various materials and light sources. None of the experiments was ever a complete failure, but the final design using 0.75 W UV LEDS works about as well as established trap designs using an 8 W actinic tube when used in the countryside. I can easily carry eight of these traps when I am recording in the countryside. A second design, using a 240 Volt mains supply, allows use of brighter bulbs such as 20 W actinic CFLs (Compact Fluorescent Lamp) with proportionally larger catches. This mains powered trap is robust enough to be used in all weathers throughout the year, especially when a more robust storage box is used instead of a bucket for a base. In overlooked gardens CFL 'Black-light' bulbs are a good alternative and are unlikely to cause offence.
Offers a comprehensive, accessible introduction to experimental design, field monitoring skills for plants and animals, data analysis, interpretation and reporting This user-friendly book presents field monitoring skills for both plants and animals, within the context of a research project. This text provides a single resource to take the reader all the way through from the planning stage, into the field, guiding through sampling, organism identification, computer-based data analysis and interpretation, and finally how to present the results to maximise the impact of the work. Logically structured throughout, and revised extensively in the second edition, the book concentrates on the techniques required to design a field-based ecological survey and shows how to execute an appropriate sampling regime. It evaluates appropriate sampling and analytical methods, identifying potential problems associated with various techniques and how to mitigate these. The second edition of this popular text has updated reference material and weblinks, increased the number of case studies by 50% to illustrate the use of specific techniques in the field, added over 20% more figures (including 8 colour plates), and made more extensive use of footnotes to provide extra details. Extensions to topics covered in the first edition include additional discussion of: ethical issues; statistical methods (sample size estimation, use of the statistical package R, mixed models); bioindicators, especially for freshwater pollution; seeds, fecundity and population dynamics including static and dynamic life tables; forestry techniques including tree coring and tree mortality calculations; the use of data repositories; writing for a journal and producing poster and oral presentations. In addition, the use of new and emerging technologies has been a particular focus, including mobile apps for environmental monitoring and identification; land cover and GIS; the use of drones including legal frameworks and codes of practice; molecular field techniques including DNA analysis in the field (including eDNA); photo-matching for identifying individuals; camera trapping; modern techniques for detecting and analysing bat echolocation calls; and data storage using the cloud. Divided into six distinct chapters, Practical Field Ecology, 2nd Edition begins at project inception with a chapter on planning—covering health and safety, along with guidance on how to ensure that the sampling and experimental design is suitable for subsequent statistical analysis. Following a chapter dealing with site characterisation and general aspects of species identification, subsequent chapters describe the techniques used to survey and census particular groups of organisms. The final chapters cover analysing, interpreting and presenting data, and writing up the research. Offers a readable and approachable integrated guide devoted to field-based research projects Takes students from the planning stage, into the field, and clearly guides them through organism identification in the laboratory and computer-based data analysis, interpretation and data presentation Includes a chapter on how to write project reports and present findings in a variety of formats to differing audiences Aimed at undergraduates taking courses in Ecology, Biology, Geography, and Environmental Science, Practical Field Ecology, 2nd Edition will also benefit postgraduates seeking to support their projects.
Whether you're just starting out or a seasoned wildlife watcher, this book will help you to broaden your enjoyment of your hobby and explore wildlife in a range of different habitats and environments. You'll learn a host of techniques including observing without disturbing, different ways of recording what you see, including note-taking, sketching and photography, filming and sound recording, as well as how to organise and report what you've seen. Finally, there's plenty of information on how you can give something back to the natural environment through safeguarding your local area's wildlife and involvement with conservation.
Moths are sometimes overlooked compared to the day-flying butterflies, however, many moths are even more colourful, accessible and fascinating. Britain and Ireland are home to an incredible array of moths, with more than 2,500 species known, and increasing numbers of people have discovered the joy in watching, catching and photographing this diverse group. But, where should you start in being able to identify them? British Moths: A Gateway Guide is a wonderful introduction to 350 species of the most common and eye-catching adult moths that you may encounter in the UK. Rather than being grouped in taxonomic order, species are organised by season, and similar-looking moths are placed alongside one another for ease of identification. Concise species accounts include information on key features, making it easy to distinguish between confusion species, seasonality, and when and where to see them; each account is also placed alongside photos that have been carefully chosen to aid identification with clearly-marked top tips. From hawk-moths to tigers and ermines to emeralds, this guide is the perfect companion for anyone wanting to learn more about these beautiful and remarkable insects.
If you want to attract more bees, birds, frogs and hedgehogs into your garden, look no further than Wildlife Gardening for Everyone and Everything. Kate Bradbury offers tips on feeding your neighbourhood wildlife and explains how you can create the perfect habitats for species you'd like to welcome into your garden. With handy charts tailored to the needs of every size and style of garden, this easy-to-use book also includes practical projects such as making bee hotels or creating wildlife ponds, compost corners and wildflower meadows, as well as fact files for the UK's most common garden species. Everyone can garden with wildlife in mind, and in this practical new guide, Kate has teamed up with the Wildlife Trusts and the RHS to help you discover how you can make your garden, balcony, doorstep or patio a haven for garden wildlife.
Many of Britain's plants and animals have come to rely upon gardens as an essential lifeline as their natural habitats come under increasing pressure from human activity and global warming. This comprehensive book explains the best ways to attract wildlife to gardens and encourage it to stay there. Written in a light-hearted yet passionate and authoritative style, the guide challenges popular notions of 'weeds' and 'pests' and invites gardeners to think again about the choices they make. Chris Packham's informative and lively text is complemented by attractive photographs and illustrations that will encourage an interest in the natural world on your doorstep, whether your 'garden' is a rural idyll or an urban window box. Chris argues that we have become so spellbound by 'nature's celebrities' – tigers, pandas and their ilk – that we are in danger of overlooking the most exciting species of all: those that we can touch, smell and observe in our own backyard.
Insect photography is a challenging and stimulating art. Well-shot images give stunning results, which can aid study and enhance enjoyment of the natural world. This practical book explains how to reliably take those photographs. Through introducing insects and their behaviour, it advises on when and how to see nature at work and, by instructing on techniques, it shows how to capture the moment to dramatic effect.Advises on buying and using equipment for both compact camera and SLR users.Describes how to find and understand insects, and encourages responsible photography and good fieldcraft.Instructs on composition, exposure, lighting and advanced techniques.Suggests ways of sharing images, cataloguing and caring for them, and backing them up.Aimed at amateur and professional naturalists and photographers, as well as artists.Insect photography is a challenging and stimulating branch of the photographic art.This practical book introduces you to the world of insects, teaching you to take reliably stunning photographs through good fieldcraft, honed technical skill and an understanding of the subject.Aimed at amateur naturalists who would like to be able to use basic equipment; professional entomologists and naturalists and serious amateur and professional photographers.Beautifully illustrated with 292 colour photographs.John Bebbington is a teacher of photography, fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and chairman of the RPS Nature Group.
Pitch a tent anywhere and enjoy the trip of a lifetime with this expert guide, from the best-selling author of The Total Outdoorsman Manual. Featuring helpful resources, definitive lists, and informative illustrations, photos, and charts, Field & Stream The Total Camping Manual is the ultimate reference companion for campers at any level, from novice day hikers to experienced backcountry adventurers. This comprehensive, officially licensed guide provides hundreds of tips and techniques for first-time campers and veteran outdoor enthusiasts alike. Created by Field & Stream and Audubon Magazine editor-at-large T. Edward Nickens, this essential manual instructs campers on topics including planning your trip, setting up camp, cooking large meals in the woods, and preparation for the inevitable unexpected circumstances. Field & Stream The Total Camping Manual is the ideal companion for backpackers, car campers, and RVers alike. 200+ EXPERT TIPS: Hundreds of tips for beginning and intermediate campers include: how to stormproof tent seams, make a sleeping bag last (practically) forever, choose the right knife, ax, headlamp and hiking boots, treat water anywhere, and find the best camping spot. FAMILY CAMPING TRICKS: Learn how to how to involve the whole family in planning, set up camp for a crowd, and cook large meals in the woods. EXPLORE YOUR OPTIONS: Filled with ideas for camping outside of traditional campgrounds, from private sites to beaches to urban settings and “glamping,” and expert advice for securing a coveted reservation at popular national and state parks. ACTIVITIES AND ADVENTURES: Learn how to read the night sky, throw an ax, fish in a stream, kayak and plan a campsite “spa day.” FILLED WITH PHOTOS, CHARTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS: Informative photos, colorful illustrations, and step-by-step instructions help campers visualise their camping experience and make planning easy for all ages and skill levels. EXPERT AUTHOR: T. Edward Nickens is editor-at-large for Field & Stream magazine, contributing editor for Audubon magazine and contributor to many leading travel and outdoor magazines.
Ponds are vital oases for nature. They are nursery grounds, feeding stops and bathing spots. They are genetic superhighways and vibrant ecosystems each brimming with life, interactions and potential. And they are for everyone. In The Wildlife Pond Book, Jules Howard offers a fresh perspective on ponds and encourages gardeners to reach for a garden spade and do something positive to benefit our shared neighbourhood nature. As well as offering practical tips and advice on designing, planting up and maintaining your pond, Jules encourages readers to explore the wildlife that colonises it with a torch, a microscope or a good old-fashioned pond-dipping net. With a foreword by award-winning wildlife-gardening author, Kate Bradbury, this helpful new guide includes a section outlining the hundreds of organisms that may turn up in your pond and is packed with creative ideas that have been tried and tested by author Jules Howard, an avid pond-builder, prolific pond-dipper and passionate voice for freshwater conservation for more than fifteen years. So, no matter how big your outdoor space is, The Wildlife Pond Book is the guide you need to create your very own haven for nature.
Drawing and Painting Insects is a beautiful and inspiring guide. Whatever your experience, whether new to the subject or a seasoned entomologist, this book will help you capture the beauty of insects by helping you understand their structure and appreciate their behaviour, movement, colour and habitat. Advice on finding insects to draw and paint, including how to raise your own insect models; Guide to the anatomy and life cycles of the insect for the artist; Step-by-step demonstrations of drawings, looking at perspective, tonal values and mark-making techniques; Examples of watercolour and oil paintings representing insects in precise, scientific renditions through to more creative interpretations; Introduction to other uses of insect illustration, including printmaking, sculpture, leather and glass; Illustrated with examples and insights from leading artists. A beautiful and inspiring guide to drawing and painting insects, of inspiration to botanical artists, natural historians, wildlife artists and biologists. Gives advice on finding insects to draw and paint, understanding their structure, appreciating their behaviour, movement, colour, habitat and much more. Superbly illustrated with examples and insights from leading artists - 541 colour illustrations in total. Andrew Tyzack is a graduate from the Royal College of Art and is well known for his painting of beekeepers and engravings of bees.