History

Holy Entrepreneurs

Author: Constance Brittain Bouchard

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 243

The twelfth century was characterized by intense spirituality as well as rapid economic development. Drawing on unprecedented research, Constance Brittain Bouchard demonstrates that the Cistercian monks of Burgundy were exemplary in both spheres. Bouchard explores the web of economic ties that linked the Cistercian monasteries with their secular neighbors, especially the knights, and reaches some surprising conclusions about Cistercian attitudes.
History

Holy Matter

Author: Sara Ritchey

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 955

A magnificent proliferation of new Christ-centered devotional practices—including affective meditation, imitative suffering, crusade, Eucharistic cults and miracles, passion drama, and liturgical performance—reveals profound changes in the Western Christian temperament of the twelfth century and beyond. This change has often been attributed by scholars to an increasing emphasis on God’s embodiment in the incarnation and crucifixion of Christ. In Holy Matter, Sara Ritchey offers a fresh narrative explaining theological and devotional change by journeying beyond the human body to ask how religious men and women understood the effects of God’s incarnation on the natural, material world. She finds a remarkable willingness on the part of medieval Christians to embrace the material world—its trees, flowers, vines, its worms and wolves—as a locus for divine encounter. Early signs that perceptions of the material world were shifting can be seen in reformed communities of religious women in the twelfth-century Rhineland. Here Ritchey finds that, in response to the constraints of gendered regulations and spiritual ideals, women created new identities as virgins who, like the mother of Christ, impelled the world’s re-creation—their notion of the world’s re-creation held that God created the world a second time when Christ was born. In this second act of creation God was seen to be present in the physical world, thus making matter holy. Ritchey then traces the diffusion of this new religious doctrine beyond the Rhineland, showing the profound impact it had on both women and men in professed religious life, especially Franciscans in Italy and Carthusians in England. Drawing on a wide range of sources including art, liturgy, prayer, poetry, meditative guides, and treatises of spiritual instruction, Holy Matter reveals an important transformation in late medieval devotional practice, a shift from metaphor to material, from gazing on images of a God made visible in the splendor of natural beauty to looking at the natural world itself, and finding there God’s presence and promise of salvation.
History

Unlikely Entrepreneurs

Author: Barbra Mann Wall

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 978

In Unlikely Entrepreneurs, Barbra Mann Wall looks at the development of religious hospitals in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the entrepreneurial influence Catholic sisters held in this process. When immigrant nuns came to the United States in the late 19th century, they encountered a market economy that structured the way they developed their hospitals. Sisters enthusiastically engaged in the market as entrepreneurs, but they used a set of tools and understanding that were counter to the market. Their entrepreneurship was not to expand earnings but rather to advance Catholic spirituality. Wall places the development of Catholic hospital systems (located in Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Texas, and Utah) owned and operated by Catholic sisters within the larger social, economic, and medical history of the time. In the modern health care climate, with the influences of corporations, federal laws, spiraling costs, managed care, and medical practices that rely less on human judgments and more on technological innovations, the "modern" hospital reflects a dim memory of the past. This book will inform future debates on who will provide health care as the sisters depart, how costs will be met, who will receive care, and who will be denied access to health services.
Business & Economics

The Entrepreneur in History

Author: M. Casson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 139

View: 731

Covering the period c.1200-c.2000, this book provides an innovative investigation of entrepreneurship in a long-run historical perspective, presenting new insights into the personal characteristics of successful business people and deepening our understanding of the roots of industrialization and economic growth.
Religion

Everyone Leads

Author: Chris Lowney

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 200

View: 612

Drawing on decades of leadership experience, bestselling author Chris Lowney examines the profound challenges facing the global Catholic Church, shares real-life stories of Catholics making a difference, and offers practical suggestions for change. The Catholic Church is suffering its worst decline in five centuries—a precipitous slide that will turn catastrophic unless reversed by fundamental changes in strategy, culture, and leadership style. Even the inspiring leadership of Pope Francis will not reverse the slide without a strategy for action, from the grassroots through the hierarchy. Chris Lowney, a former Jesuit seminarian and business executive who now chairs one of the world’s largest Catholic ministries, not only outlines the challenges but also maps the path forward in Everyone Leads. After a bracing review of the church’s global struggles—from clergy shortages to declining participation—Lowney draws on two decades of change-management experience to propose an "EASTeR" strategy of five transformational principles: be entrepreneurial, be accountable, serve, transform, and reach out. These five ideas can catalyze profound change in every parish, in how bishops think, and in the roles laypeople play in leading the church. Filled with real-life examples, Everyone Leads outlines strategies that anyone can employ—from the pews to the pulpit—to strengthen the church. As a former business executive who lectures globally about leadership, Lowney speaks credibly about the institution’s challenges and potential. And, as chair of one of Catholicism’s largest hospital systems, he writes “from within” as a Catholic who loves his church and is committed to seeing it flourish.
Business & Economics

Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia

Author: Edward Burton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 723

An investor's crucial guide to the changing face of Saudi Arabian business Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia is an essential reference guide, informing investors on the key issues that define how business will be done as the nation's family-owned businesses change hands. Supported by the U.S.-Saudi Arabian Business Council, this book introduces the reader to the new Saudi entrepreneur and explains why Saudi Arabia's boom deserves more of the world's attention. As the heads of family-owned businesses age and corporate boards are reshaped, business practices will be influenced by the ascension of the country's young leaders. Interviews with young Saudi entrepreneurs describe the challenges, triumphs, failed attempts, and successful endeavors they experience every day as time-tested traditional models bump up against more modern, innovative ideas and methods. The book's companion website features a variety of useful tools and documents that help readers implement the concepts presented, and the firsthand information provides deep insight into the future of these companies. Saudi Arabia is profoundly influencing the technological advances of multiple industries through increasing collaboration and in-country partnerships with communities around the world. The evolution of the Kingdom's family-owned businesses is becoming more important to investors as young Saudis claim their legacies, and this book provides an insightful understanding of the changing nature of Saudi business. Meet the emerging entrepreneur class of Saudi Arabia Learn how the Saudi boom affects global business Discover what investors need to know about the Saudi economy Examine how time and technology is reshaping the way business is done Gain useful insight into the direction management of the Kingdom's growth will take over the next five years The Saudi economy constitutes thirty percent of the Arab world's GDP, and sixty percent of the population is under the age of thirty. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia provides essential information investors need to navigate the changing tide of doing business in Saudi Arabia.
Political Science

The Entrepreneur

Author: Robert Ringer

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 703

It is the government’s duty to provide for the general welfare . . . FALSE The growing gap between the rich and the poor proves that capitalism has failed . . . FALSE The government has the authority to redistribute wealth through regulations and taxes . . . FALSE All men are created equal. But not all taxpayers! Progressives, or Retrogressives, as #1 New York Times bestselling author Robert Ringer calls those on the far left who are, in reality, against progress, believe in an all-powerful central government that has the authority to meddle in both the economy and in the lives of individual citizens. Retrogressives naively believe that the government has a moral obligation to “help” those in need, but nowhere in the Constitution is there an enumerated power to that effect. In a Retrogressive utopia, life is risk free for everyone. But a government that prevents its citizens from failing actually prohibits them from succeeding. So-called social programs, such as food stamps, the minimum wage, and draconian taxes are designed to redistribute wealth but are lethal to the very people whose success is most critical to this nation’s prosperity: Entrepreneurs. In this provocative new book, Ringer examines what it takes for these unsung heroes to succeed in an environment that is increasingly hostile toward small businesses. Perhaps the most maligned and beleaguered individuals in the United States, Entrepreneurs are the easiest targets for the government’s insatiable appetite to exercise control over the economy. Yet, left alone to do what they do best, Entrepreneurs are able to innovate better products and services than the government could ever hope to provide; create jobs; reinvest much of their profits into expanding their businesses; and, as a result, grow the economy, and thereby improve the lives of millions of people through the self-regulating “invisible hand” of the marketplace. The time has come for Americans to tell politicians they don’t want any more quick fixes. What we need is for government to get out of the way and allow the Entrepreneur to move our country forward.
Business & Economics

World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship

Author: Léo-Paul Dana

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 704

View: 202

This second edition of a classic reference work, written by some of the most eminent academics in the field, contains over 30 per cent more entries on entrepreneurship. Comprehensive in scope, it includes topics from business angels, to export services to family business and uncertainty and venture capital. There are also entries on individuals including George Eastman, Howard Hughes, Joseph Schumpeter and Walt Disney. Providing its readers with a unique point of reference, as well as stimulus for further research, this Encyclopedia is an indispensable tool for anyone interested in entrepreneurship, particularly students, scholars and researchers.